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    走進松花江畔鐵道兵紀念園

    時間:2019-04-11 15:47:53 來源:人民鐵道網-人民鐵道報 作者:王寶濱

    鐵道兵紀念園內的“鐵道兵”題字碑和鐵道兵啟航紀念塔。 王寶濱 攝

    1948年,鐵道縱隊第三支隊搶修陶賴昭松花江大橋。 王寶濱 供圖
     
      2018年7月建成的鐵道兵紀念園位于濱洲線松花江新橋北岸,與著名的太陽島風景區相鄰,四周綠樹環抱,碧水粼粼,是游人休閑的好去處。紀念園內的“鐵道兵”題字碑、鐵道兵雕塑和鐵道兵啟航紀念塔再現了鐵道兵的光輝歷史。
     
      1945年8月,為恢復鐵路運輸、保障運輸安全,東北民主聯軍東滿、西滿軍區成立了護路部隊,并于1946年6月在哈爾濱組建鐵道司令部,12月改稱東北民主聯軍護路軍。1948年夏,中共中央東北局、東北軍區決定,以護路軍為基礎,補入二線兵團8500人,并以1200名鐵路職工為骨干,組建東北人民解放軍鐵道縱隊,總兵力1.9萬人。7月5日,鐵道縱隊成立大會在哈爾濱舉行。
     
      鐵道縱隊成立后,遼沈戰役即將打響。根據中央軍委指示,首戰目標定為錦州。在這樣規模空前的大決戰中,部隊調動、糧食彈藥補給,尤其是火炮、坦克運輸需要依靠鐵路完成,鐵道縱隊的當務之急是立即搶修線路恢復通車。他們冒著敵機狂轟濫炸的危險,舍生忘死,搶修線橋。經晝夜搶修,東北主要干線很快恢復通車,保證了遼沈戰役中的軍事運輸。1948年11月,東北全境解放。為保障大軍進軍關內,鐵道縱隊日夜搶修,至12月初,哈爾濱、沈陽、錦州、山海關等城市的鐵路連成一片,通往關內的滿載部隊、輜重的軍火列車暢通無阻,百萬解放大軍揮師南下。
     
      同年12月11日,鐵道縱隊在秦皇島召開支隊級干部會議,明確新的戰斗目標:野戰軍打到哪里,鐵路就修到哪里。平津、淮海戰役結束后,鐵道縱隊搶修津浦、平漢鐵路,為各路大軍渡江以及渡江后挺進江南作戰提供了強有力的運輸保證。1949年5月,中央軍委決定將鐵道縱隊改為中國人民解放軍鐵道兵團,歸中國人民革命軍事委員會鐵道部指揮。兵團主力部隊隨野戰軍南下,成立前線指揮所,指揮部隊突擊搶修粵漢、湘桂、浙贛等鐵路,配合野戰軍追擊殘敵。
     
      1953年9月,中國人民解放軍鐵道兵成立。1984年1月,根據國務院和中央軍委關于撤銷鐵道兵建制的命令,鐵道兵集體轉業并入鐵道部,后改制為中國鐵道建筑總公司。
     
      今天,乘坐濱洲線列車接近松花江新橋時,可憑窗眺望紀念園內的景色。如有機會走進紀念園,乘免費觀光電梯登上39米高的鐵道兵啟航紀念塔,園內景物及松花江南北兩岸秀麗風光盡收眼底。
    人民鐵道網版權及免責聲明:
    1、凡本網注明“來源:人民鐵道網” 的所有作品,版權均屬于人民鐵道網,未經本網授權,任何單位及個人不得轉載、摘編或以其它方式使用上述作品。已經本網授權使用作品的,應在授權范圍 內使用,并注明“來源:人民鐵道網”。違反上述聲明者,本網將追究其相關法律責任。
    2、凡本網注明 “來源:XXX(非人民鐵道網)” 的作品,均轉載自其它媒體,轉載目的在于傳遞更多信息,并不代表本網贊同其觀點和對其真實性負責。
    3、如因作品內容、版權和其它問題需要同本網聯系的,請在30日內進行。
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